We've added new PCR tests for swine and bovine diseases -- see our menu for a complete listing.

Parrots moving in or moving out? Try our psittacine PCR screening panel.

Respiratory problems got you breathless? Try our poultry respiratory PCR panel.

Our DRY CARDS let you mail blood samples to Zoologix easily and cheaply from anywhere because DRY CARD samples are small, light and stable at room temperature for several weeks.

Zoologix performs avian and livestock PCR tests for...

African swine fever

Akabane virus

Anaplasma phagocytophilum

Aspergillus fumigatus

Aspergillus species

Atoxoplasma

Avian adenovirus

Avian influenza

Avian polyomavirus

Avian reovirus

Baylisascaris procyonis

Blood typing for swine

Bluetongue virus

Bordetella avium

Bovine adenovirus

Bovine papular stomatitis virus

Bovine parvovirus

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus

Bovine rhinoviruses

Bovine viral diarrhea

Brucella

Campylobacter      

Candida

Caprine arthritis-encephalitis (CAE) virus

Chlamydophila psittaci

Classical swine fever

Clostridium

Coronaviruses

Coxiella burnetii

Cryptococcus

Cryptosporidium

E. coli O157:h7

Edwardsiella

Encephalomyocarditis

Enteric E. coli panel

Foot and mouth disease

Fowlpox

Fusobacterium necrophorum

Hepatitis E

Histoplasma

Infectious bronchitis

Infectious bursal disease

Infectious coryza

Infectious laryngotracheitis

Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV)

Japanese encephalitis

Jena virus

Johne's disease

Malaria

Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF)

Mycobacterium avium and other Mycobacteria

Mycoplasma

Newcastle disease virus

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Ovine herpesvirus 2

Pacheco's disease (psittacid herpesviruses)

Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV)

Pigeon circovirus

Plasmodium species

Porcine adenovirus

Porcine circovirus 2

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV)

Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Porcine reproductive & respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus

Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV)

Poultry respiratory panel

Pseudorabies

Psittacine beak and feather disease

Psittacine herpes

Q fever

Reovirus

Salmonella

Staphylococcus xylosus

St. Louis encephalitis

Swine vesicular disease

Tickborne encephalitis virus

Trichomonas/
Tritrichomonas

Vaccinia

Vesicular stomatitis

West Nile virus

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

...and more -- see the avian & livestock test menu for a complete listing of avian and livestock assays.

Bordetella avium PCR test
avian & livestock assay data sheet

Bordetella avium

Test code:
B0036 - Qualitative detection of Bordetella avium by polymerase chain reaction

B0036 is included in the poultry respiratory panel

Bordetella avium is the causative agent for bordetellosis in birds. It is a small, gram-negative, non-fermentative, motile, strictly aerobic bacillus that colonizes the trachea of chickens, turkeys and other poultry. This bacterium was first isolated from young turkeys in 1967 and was officially named Bordetella avium in 1984. Studies have also shown that infection by this bacterium is not limited to poultry; other birds can be carriers though they may not develop symptoms of disease. The fact that there are many carriers of this bacterium explains the frequent outbreaks of the disease. The infection is not lethal, but infected birds are susceptible to secondary infections, which can lead to mortality. B. avium outbreaks are responsible for severe economic losses in poultry-producing regions of the world (Skeeles and Arp, 1997).

While B. avium is similar in behavior to its human counterpart, Bordetella pertussis (the etiologic agent of whooping cough), there is no evidence that B. avium can infect humans. The bacterium is easily transmitted by aerosol, leading to the rapid spread of the disease in high-density poultry facilities.

Bordetellosis in psittacine birds manifests with upper respiratory signs such as sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge, swelling of the infraorbital sinus and lockjaw. Infection of the lower airways is infrequent. Experimental inoculation with B. avium in cockatiel chicks suggests a 1-2 day incubation period.

Diagnosis of B. avium by culture is difficult because the bacterium requires special growth conditions and growth is slow. Thus, many believe that this disease may be underdiagnosed. Because of evidence suggesting that recovered birds may periodically relapse or remain asymptomatic carriers, it is imperative to use a more sensitive test to detect the presence of the bacterium. PCR is a highly sensitive and specific technique for detection of Bordetella avium.

Utilities:

  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Shorten the time required to confirm a clinical diagnosis of B. avium infection
  • Help ensure that bird populations are free of B. avium
  • Early prevention of spread of this bacterium among a flock
  • Minimize human exposure to B. avium
  • Safety monitoring of biological products that derive from birds

References:
Skeeles, J.K., and Arp, L.H. (1997) Bordetellosis (Turkey Coryza), p. 275-288, In: B.W.
Calnek, H.J. Barnes, C.W. Beard, L.R. McDougal, and Y.M. Saif (eds), Diseases of
Poultry. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa.

Specimen requirements: 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top) tube, or nasopharyngeal swab.

For specimen types other than those listed here, please call to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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