Ruminating about hoofstock "issues"?  Try our ruminant fecal screening PCR panel - tests for most common GI pathogens in wild & domestic ruminants.

In over your head? Try our waterborne pathogens PCR panel - detection of 7 different environmental pathogens by real time PCR.

Something fishy going on in your tanks? Try our new Zebrafish screening PCR panel - tests for 6 different pathogen categories from one easy-to-collect sample.

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Zoologix performs environmental, zoo, wildlife and aquatic PCR tests for...

Aeromonas hydrophila

African swine fever

Aleutian disease

Amphibian panel



Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Baylisascaris procyonis

Borna virus

Borrelia burgdorferi



Canine distemper

Canine parvovirus

Chytrid fungus

Citrobacter freundii

Classical swine fever





Coxiella burnetii


Cryptosporidium serpentis

Cryptosporidium varanii (formerly saurophilum)

Delftia acidovorans

E. coli O157:H7

E. coli panel





Epizootic hemorrhagic disease

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

Feline panleukopenia

Ferret respiratory enteric coronavirus




Hepatitis E


Japanese encephalitis

Johne's disease

Kangaroo herpesviruses


Lawsonia intracellularis




Listeria monocytogenes

Lyme disease

Macropodid (kangaroo) herpesviruses

Mink enteritis virus


Mycobacteria in mammals, amphibians and fish

Mycoplasma mustelae

Mycoplasma species

Neospora caninum

Nipah virus

Pasteurella multocida

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Pseudocapillaria tomentosa

Pseudoloma neurophilia


Q fever



Reovirus screen


Rift Valley fever



Sarcocystis neurona

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

St. Louis encephalitis

Strep pneumoniae

Streptococcus pyogenes

Swine vesicular disease

Toxoplasma gondii

Treponema pallidum


Trypanosoma cruzi

Trypanosoma evansi


Valley Fever

Vesicular stomatitis


West Nile virus

White nose syndrome

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis

Leptospira PCR test

wildlife and zoo assay data sheet


Test code:
B0051 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of Leptospira bacteria by real time polymerase chain reaction. This test detects but does not differentiate common Leptospira serovars.


Leptospirosis is a disease of worldwide significance that infects many domestic and wildlife animal species and humans. The scientific name of the infecting organism is Leptospira interrogans sensu lato. Within this species there are many different strains (serovars).

Leptospira can be spread between animals through contact with infected urine, venereal or placental transfer, or bite wounds. Indirect transmission occurs through exposure of susceptible animals to contaminated water sources, food, bedding or human hands. Leptospira bacteria can survive in feces up to 2 months. Stagnant or slow moving water provides a suitable habitat; the organism can survive up to 20 days in water. This explains why outbreaks often increase during periods of flooding.

Fever, shivering and muscle tenderness are among the first signs of acute infection. Rapid dehydration may develop subsequently. In subacute infections, the animal usually develops a fever, anorexia, dehydration, and increased thirst. Animals with liver involvement may develop icterus. Conjunctivitis and recurrent uveitis may occur in chronic infections. Breeding success can be impacted because of increased risk of abortion and decreased milk production.

Although Leptospira infection can be diagnosed by change in antibody titers, titers may be negative during early stages of critical infection. Thus an alternative method is needed to provide a quick diagnosis of the disease at this stage. Molecular detection of PCR is rapid, highly sensitive and specific. It is suitable for quick diagnosis even during the first few days of infection.


  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Shorten the time required to confirm a clinical diagnosis of Leptospira infection.
  • Help ensure that animal populations are free of Leptospira
  • Early prevention of spread of this bacterium
  • Minimize personnel exposure to this bacterium
  • Safety monitoring of biological products that derive from susceptible animals

Specimen requirements: Urogenital swab, or cervical swab, or 0.2 ml urine, or 0.2 ml fresh, frozen or fixed tissue.

Contact Zoologix if advice is needed to determine an appropriate specimen type for a specific diagnostic application. For specimen types not listed here, please contact Zoologix to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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