In over your head? Try our waterborne pathogens PCR panel - detection of 7 different environmental pathogens by real time PCR.

Something fishy going on in your tanks? Try our new Zebrafish screening PCR panel - tests for 6 different pathogen categories from one easy-to-collect sample.

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Zoologix performs environmental, zoo, wildlife and aquatic PCR tests for...

Aeromonas hydrophila

African swine fever

Aleutian disease

Amphibian panel

Aspergillus

Babesia

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans

Baylisascaris procyonis

Borrelia burgdorferi

Campylobacter

Canine distemper

Canine parvovirus

Chytrid fungus

Citrobacter freundii

Classical swine fever

Clostridium

Coronaviruses

Coxiella burnetii

Cryptosporidium

Delftia acidovorans

E. coli O157:H7

E. coli panel

Edwardsiella

Encephalomyocarditis

Enterobacteraceae

Enterovirus

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP)

Feline panleukopenia

Giardia

Helicobacter

Hepatitis E

Histoplasma

Japanese encephalitis

Johne's disease

Kangaroo herpesviruses

Klebsiella

Lawsonia intracellularis

Legionella

Leptospira

Listeria monocytogenes

Lyme disease

Macropodid (kangaroo) herpesviruses

Mink enteritis virus

Monkeypox

Mycobacteria in mammals, amphibians and fish

Mycoplasma mustelae

Mycoplasma species

Neospora caninum

Pasteurella multocida

Porcine cytomegalovirus

Porcine lymphotropic herpesvirus

Porcine parvovirus

Pseudocapillaria tomentosa

Pseudoloma neurophilia

Pseudorabies

Q fever

Rabies

Ranavirus

Reovirus screen

Rickettsia

Rotavirus

Salmonella

Sarcocystis neurona

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia

St. Louis encephalitis

Strep pneumoniae

Streptococcus pyogenes

Swine vesicular disease

Toxoplasma gondii

Treponema pallidum

Trichomonas/
Tritrichomonas

Trypanosoma cruzi

Trypanosoma evansi

Vaccinia

Vesicular stomatitis

Vibrio

West Nile virus

White nose syndrome

Yersinia enterocolitica

Yersinia pestis

Yersinia pseudotuberculosis


Feline immunodeficiency virus PCR test
wildlife and zoo assay data sheet

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)

Test codes:

S0106 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of feline immunodeficiency virus by reverse transcription coupled real time polymerase chain reaction.

S0117 - QUANTITATIVE detection of feline immunodeficiency virus by 1-step reverse transcription coupled real time PCR. Assay detects and quantitates copies per ml of FIV RNA present in plasma from EDTA whole blood.

 

Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is an RNA lentivirus that can weaken the immune response of cats, similar to what human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) does to humans. The virus can infect both domestic cats and wild cats such as cheetahs. It attacks and weakens the body’s immune system, making the animal susceptible to infections and diseases that usually do not affect healthy cats. There is no cure for FIV. Though eventually fatal, an FIV-positive cat can live and infect other cats for many years without any sign of illness.

FIV occurs worldwide, but its prevalence varies geographically. About 1.5% to 3% of cats in the United States are infected with FIV. About 5% of FIV-positive cats also have feline leukemia virus (FeLV).

There are a number of risk factors for FIV infection. Older cats are more likely to be infected -- the average age of cats with FIV is 5 years at the time of diagnosis. Free-roaming cats are more likely to be infected than indoor cats. Aggressive male cats that roam and fight with other cats are more likely to be infected than females and nonaggressive males because FIV is a bloodborne pathogen. Sick cats are much more likely to have FIV -- in the United States about 15% of cats that show clinical signs of another disease are also infected with FIV.

Serology has been used to diagnose FIV-infected cats. However, cats with weakened immune response will not be reliably detected by serology, as that method depends on the cat’s production of antibodies. Molecular detection by PCR overcomes this immune response problem, as it directly detects the pathogen itself rather than the cat’s immune response. PCR is also rapid, highly sensitive and specific.

Utilities:

  • Help confirm the disease causing agent
  • Shorten the time required to confirm a clinical diagnosis of feline immunodeficiency virus infection
  • Help ensure that feline groups are free of FIV
  • Early prevention of spread of FIV between cats by identifying latent carriers
  • Minimize human exposure to FIV
  • Safety monitoring of biological products that derive from susceptible animals

Specimen requirement: 0.2 ml whole blood in EDTA (purple top) or ACD (yellow top) tube.

For specimen types other than those listed here, please call to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodologies:
S0106 -
Qualitative reverse transcription coupled real time PCR
S0117 - 1-step reverse transcription coupled real time PCR

Normal range: Nondetected

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