Try our new Waterborne Pathogens PCR test panel: 7 common waterborne pathogens from one water, swab or filter sample.

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Zoologix performs environmental PCR tests for...

Aeromonas hydrophila

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

Baylisascaris procyonis

Borrelia burgdorferi


Chytrid fungus





Dust mites

E. coli O157:H7

E. coli panel









Listeria monocytogenes

Lyme disease



Strep pneumoniae

Streptococcus pyogenes


Valley Fever


West Nile virus

...and others: see our master menu for a complete list

Hantavirus PCR test

environmental/diagnostic assay data sheet

Hantavirus PCR test

Test code: S0135 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of Hantavirus by reverse transcription coupled real time PCR. This test does not detect Seoul virus - see test code S0224 for Seoul virus detection.

Hantaviruses are a group of viruses that are transmitted by rodents through urine, droppings, and saliva. One of them, Sin Nombre virus, is found in deer mice in North America. Sin Nombre virus is the cause of Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS) in humans.

Hantaviruses belong to the Bunyaviridae family of viruses. There are five genera in this family: Orthobunyavirus, Nairovirus, Phlebovirus, Tospovirus, and Hantavirus. Like all members of this family, hantaviruses have a genome comprised of three negative-sense single-stranded RNA segments, and so are classified as negative sense RNA viruses.

Inhalation of dust contaminated by rodent excreta or saliva can result in transmission of these viruses to humans. Infected people will develop HPS one to six weeks after inhaling the virus. The disease begins with 2-6 days of flu-like illness including fever, muscle soreness, headache, nausea, vomiting and fatigue. As the disease progresses it causes shortness of breath due to fluid filled lungs; hospital care is then required. It is usually a serious infection and about 1 out of 3 infected patients have died.

The deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) is the main carrier of hantaviruses in the western United States but other wild rodents may also be potential carriers. The deer mouse can carry and shed the virus without showing any clinical signs. In one study, it was shown that about 14% of over 1,100 deer mice in Washington State had been infected with Sin Nombre virus.

HPS is not known to be transmitted from one person to another, nor to be transmitted by farm animals, dogs, cats or rodents purchased from pet stores.

Test results are presented in a concise, signed, easy-to-read PDF report optimized for documentation and recordkeeping.


  • Detect this virus in surface dust, soil, water or other environmental sample types
  • Confirm the presence of the disease causing agent in biological samples
  • Minimize occupational exposure to this virus

Specimen requirements: 1 rodent fecal pellet, or a surface dust swab or gauze pad, or 10 ml soil, or 10 ml water

Contact Zoologix if advice is needed to determine an appropriate specimen type for a specific diagnostic application. For specimen types not listed here, please contact Zoologix to confirm specimen acceptability and shipping instructions.

For all specimen types, if there will be a delay in shipping, or during very warm weather, refrigerate specimens until shipped and ship with a cold pack unless more stringent shipping requirements are specified. Frozen specimens should be shipped so as to remain frozen in transit. See shipping instructions for more information.

Turnaround time: 2 business days

Methodology: Qualitative real time polymerase chain reaction

Normal range: Nondetected

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